Emissions of greenhouse gases due to human activities, the root cause of global warming, continue to increase year after year and affect people, ecosystems and livelihoods. The warming leads to an increase in incidence in severity of climatic events, such as wildfires and extreme storms.
Every year about 8 million tons of plastic waste enter the oceans. That is the equivalent of setting five garbage bags full of trash on every foot of coastline around the world. Nearly 700 species, including most marine mammals, are known to have been affected by plastic pollution.
More than 90% of the world’s population lives in places where air pollution exceeds safe limits (WHO, 2022)
Nutrient pollution, cause by excess nitrogen and phosphorus in water or air, is the number-one threat to water quality world-wide and can cause algal blooms – a toxic soup of blue-green algae harmful to people and wildlife. (NRDC, 2022)
Global efforts have been claimed to keep temperature rise below 2ºC higher than pre-industrial revolution levels. This is the maximum threshold to sustain life on Earth, with scientists around the world calling for an even more ambitious target of 1.5ºC limitation.